Mongols

   By 1240, when the Mongols (also called Tartars) conquered Kiev (q.v.), the Mongol empire extended across the Eurasian steppe (q.v.). They indirectly aided the Empire of Nicaea (q.v.) by defeating the Seljuks of Asia Minor (qq.v.) in 1243. Their southward expansion was halted by the Mamluks (q.v.) in 1260 at the battle of Ayn Jalut. Michael VIII (q.v.) married his daughter Maria to the Mongol khan Hülugü, and in Constantinople the monastery church of Theotokos (qq.v.) Panagiotissa, which Maria patronized, became known as St. Mary of the Mongols. Timur (q.v.), the last great ruler of the Mongols, defeated Ottoman sultan Bayezid I (qq.v.) in 1402 at the battle of Ankyra (q.v.), which halted Ottoman aggression against Byzantium (q.v.) for a generation.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Mongols MC — Gründung 1969 in Montebello, Kalifornien Vertreten in USA Mexiko Italien Deutschland Australien Schweden Spanien Mitglieder 1.000 1.500 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MONGOLS — MONGOLS, a group of tribes from the eastern Eurasian steppe, north of China, which were welded by Genghis   (Chinggis) Khan in the late 12th and early 13th centuries into a state that created the largest land based empire in history. Mongol… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mongols — nom générique donné à des ethnies originaires de l Asie centrale. Peuples de la steppe, les nomades turcs et mongols parlent des langues de la famille altaïque. Un peuple proto turc, les Xiongnu (ou Hiong nou, les Puants ), dès le IXe s. av. J. C …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mongols — Mon gols, Mongolians Mon*go li*ans, n. pl. (Ethnol.) One of the great races of man, including the greater part of the inhabitants of China, Japan, and the interior of Asia, with branches in Northern Europe and other parts of the world. By some… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mongols — For other uses, see Mongols (disambiguation). Mongol Монгол …   Wikipedia

  • Mongols — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mongol (homonymie). Mongols Gengis Khan, représentant notable des Mongols …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mongols —    A Mongol (Tartar of European parlance) horde first ap peared in India when Chingez Khan came up to the western bank of the Indus River in pursuit of Jalal al Din Mingbarni in 1221. After the Mongols had established their control in Central… …   Historical dictionary of Medieval India

  • MONGOLS —    a great Asiatic people having their original home on the plains E. of Lake Baikal, Siberia, who first rose into prominence under their ruler Genghis Khan in the 12th century; he, uniting the three branches of Mongols, commenced a career of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Mongols — Mon·gol || mÉ’Å‹gÉ’l n. native or resident of Mongolia; member of Mongoloid people adj. Mongolian, of Mongolian n. Mongolian language, language of Mongolia, Mongol …   English contemporary dictionary

  • mongols — plural of mongol …   Useful english dictionary

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